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Tumores de clavícula e lesões tumorais: uma revisão de 206 casos no Leste da Ásia

Postado em: 17/07/2012

Primary clavicle tumors and tumorous lesions: a review of 206 cases in East Asia

Autor(es): Ren K; Wu S; Shi X; Zhao J; Liu X
Fonte: Arch Orthop Trauma Surg; 132(6): 883-9, 2012 Jun.
Artigo [MEDLINE PMID: 22314398 ] Idioma: Inglês
Tipo de publicação: Artigo de Revista

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to systematically review the published literature from East Asia on the clinical, pathological, and epidemiological characteristics of primary clavicle tumor and tumorous lesions.

METHODS: A computerized search based on keywords "clavicle," "tumor," and "tumorous lesion" (both in Chinese and in English) was performed on literature published from 1980 to 2011 in East Asian countries, including China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, and Mongolia. An analysis was carried out with unified inclusion and exclusion criteria.

RESULTS: Two hundred and six cases were identified. The age of onset ranged from 1.5 to 70, with an average age of 29.4, and a male/female ratio of 1.53:1. Lesion locations included 28.9% in medial third, 18.8% in the middle third, and 33.6% in the lateral third of the clavicle. Another 7.4% involved both the medial and middle thirds, 7.4% involved both the middle and lateral thirds, and 4.0% involved the entire length of the clavicle. Major pathological types included 18.5% eosinophilic granuloma, 10.2% plasmocytoma, 7.8% Ewing sarcoma, 8.7% osteosarcoma, 8.7% osteochondroma, and 5.3% chondrosarcoma. The age of onset was found to be strongly correlated with the benign/ malignant ratio. Clavicle malignancy was rarely found in patients younger than 10 years, while the incidence of malignancy greatly increased among patients over 40 years old. Total or subtotal claviculectomy was the most common treatment in cases for which treatment information was available. Of these, 40.8% of patients received reconstruction with allograft or autograft.

CONCLUSIONS: Clavicle tumors and tumorous lesions in East Asia had an inclined occurrence in respect to age and gender. The most common tumors were eosinophilic granuloma and tumors derived from the bone marrow hematopoietic system. Age of onset was found to be a risk factor for malignancy. These characteristics may be related to the special tissue structures and mode of development in the clavicle as well as to the genetic traits of the typical Mongoloids in East Asia.
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